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Flinders University. Georges River Council. Glen Eira Library and Information Service. Inner West Council. Ipswich Libraries. Libraries ACT. Libraries Tasmania. The last election debate in was watched by 1. The debate audience was , with the Coalition and Labor each selecting Kevin Rudd argued that the Liberal Party was being influenced by the H. Nicholls Society to make further reforms to industrial relations, citing Nick Minchin 's speech at the Society's conference where he told the audience that the Coalition "knew its reform to WorkChoices were not popular but the process of change must continue",  and that "there is still a long way to go Rudd said that Howard had "no plan for the future" on tackling climate change.
Howard said that a Coalition government would establish a climate change fund after , which would be financed by carbon offsets. The Nine Network, which broadcast the debate as an extended edition of 60 Minutes , used ' the Worm ' in its broadcast despite prior objections from the Liberal Party and action from the National Press Club to cease its video feed. As a result, the Nine Network's feed was cut part way into the broadcast, which Nine then replaced with Sky News's coverage.
Both sides, however, claimed victory. Steps were taken to ensure equal numbers so as not to taint the Worm. At one point, Peter Costello was asked to cease interjecting. Figures released on the Tuesday, showed a stronger than expected underlying rate of inflation of 3 per cent. Controversy arose over the Coalition's climate change policy, with The Financial Review citing "government sources" who claimed Turnbull told Cabinet six weeks ago it should sign the Kyoto Protocol.
Neither Howard nor Turnbull denied the story. The story said that "internal critics" are claiming Turnbull is "selfishly positioning himself for a Coalition defeat" and a "possible post-poll leadership battle with Treasurer Peter Costello". The story led to claims of major splits in Cabinet. Labor also suffered from mixed messages. Kevin Rudd was compelled to clarify Labor policy on climate change after an interview in which Peter Garrett suggested Labor would sign up to the post-Kyoto agreement at even if carbon-emitting developing countries did not.
Rudd's comments, which he described as having "always been [Labor's] position", saw Labor's policy move closer to Liberal policy, insofar as Labor would ratify the agreement only after persuading all major carbon emitters, developing and developed, to ratify. John Howard said the Coalition would not match Labor's promise of 20 per cent renewable energy target. Howard claimed Labor's policy "imposes too many additional costs to industry".
Peter Garrett replied that lack of government action has cost jobs. The Coalition announced a promise to open 50 new emergency medical centres on Australia if re-elected. Adding to the campaign trend of both major parties criticising their opponent for plagiarism and "me-tooism", [ citation needed ] Labor responded that the government had copied its policy. Peter Garrett was criticised by the Coalition when radio announcer Steve Price revealed Garrett had said to TV presenter Richard Wilkins that, "once we get in we'll just change it all" in reference to copying Coalition policies.
Garrett said the comment was made during a "short, jocular and casual" conversation and Wilkins supported Garrett's response, saying that it was a "light-hearted throwaway line". Tim Costello , director of World Vision Australia and Peter Costello's brother, criticised Australia's ranking of 19th out of 22 OECD countries for provision of overseas aid, and for government unwillingness to increase its policy of 0.
Costello focused mainly on the government's past record, advocating the need for Australia to build into the future, while Swan said Labor were interested in "investing in people". Abbott's character and ministerial capacity were questioned by Roxon for his comments about terminally ill asbestos campaigner Bernie Banton and for arriving 35 minutes late to debate.
At the end of the debate, Roxon suggested to Abbott that he "could have arrived on time" if he had "really wanted to", to which Abbott replied "bullshit". On 10 November, the Australian Democrats held their campaign launch in Melbourne under the banner of Bring Back Balance , a reference to their central campaign theme of preventing the government from regaining absolute control of the Senate. The Reserve Bank of Australia adjusted interest rates upwards by another 0.
Hockey argued that Labor's policy to drop Workchoices was Australia's biggest threat to inflation. Garrett criticised the government's record on climate change to which Turnbull responded that Garrett's current claims betray his previous career as a political activist. It accused the Howard Government of being "irresponsible". In addition to previous education funding announcements, Rudd promised Labor would provide an additional 65, apprenticeships, migrate all schools to new high speed broadband, and provide all year 9—12 students with access to their own computer.
A doubling of the number of undergraduate and postgraduate scholarships available at a tertiary level was announced, and the party re-iterating its view on climate change and WorkChoices. The Labor Party released footage on Thursday 15 November to Lateline, showing Tony Abbott addressing a room of people, stating "I accept that certain protections, in inverted commas, are not what they were" in reference to WorkChoices legislation. Referring to award structures, Abbott said in the same footage: "I accept that that has largely gone.
I accept that. Newspoll stated Labor's two-party-preferred level was down one point to 54 per cent. Former Liberal Party campaign director Lynton Crosby said that the Coalition was "closing in on Labor" in the final week and could "still win a tight election" on a campaign of defending marginal seats, declaring a win still possible on On 20 November, John Howard defended the government's advertising spending in the months prior to the campaign, paid for with public money. Howard was criticised for not revealing documents written by his department about further changes to industrial relations laws in addition to WorkChoices legislation.
In response, the government said the proposals had been cancelled, and that WorkChoices would not be expanded upon. The Seven Network failed in attempt to access the documents under Freedom of Information. Nationals Senator Barnaby Joyce said that the possibility of his crossing the floor to support Labor's amendments to WorkChoices remained open, and that he would judge all legislation on its merits, for which he was criticised by Nationals leader Mark Vaile.
On 21 November, three days before the election, fake pamphlets were distributed in the electorate of Lindsay , which purported to be from an Islamic group. The group was non-existent and the pamphlets thanked the Labor Party for supporting the Bali bombers and encouraged people to vote Labor. Citing a clause of the Constitution that states parliamentarians are not permitted to hold an "office of profit under the crown", government frontbencher Andrew Robb said that up to 13 Labor candidates standing in the election may be ineligible for nomination.
According to Robb, a "search of public records" indicated that the 13 candidates may have still been employed by government agencies, boards or offices, and that the Liberal Party may consider legal challenges to their election. According to Labor Senator Penny Wong , all Labor's candidates were eligible to stand, and that the Liberals had obtained the information from outdated websites.
Network Ten and SBS Television included brief updates and news bulletins through the night, but not to the other networks' extent. Sky News offered extensive coverage on Pay TV. Roy Morgan polling in June reported WorkChoices was a reason for Labor party support, and a fear of union dominance and support for Coalition economic management policy as the biggest reasons behind the Coalition vote.
A Newspoll released in June reported health and Medicare were the most important issue for voters; 83 per cent of respondents rated it "very important". Other key issues included education 79 per cent , the economy 67 per cent , the environment 60 per cent and national security 60 per cent. Taxation and interest rates, key issues in previous campaigns, were rated very important by 54 per cent and 51 per cent respectively. Immigration, a key issue in , scored 43 per cent. The poll showed that voters considered Labor marginally better-placed to handle health and education, and gave the government strong backing on the economy and national security.
Kevin Rudd promised Labor would introduce a greenhouse gas emission reduction target of 60 per cent by , ratify the Kyoto protocol and introduce a mandatory renewable energy target MRET of 20 per cent by The Howard government reiterated their position of not ratifying the Kyoto protocol, setting "voluntary aspirational emission reduction targets" and introducing a carbon emissions trading scheme by On 7 June in a speech promoting the government's handling of the economy, Treasurer Peter Costello recalled the learner driver slogan of the election : "This [the economy] is like a highly engineered racing car and I tell you what, I wouldn't be putting an L-plate driver in the cockpit at the moment".
Labor used the news to argue that the Coalition could not be trusted to keep interest rates low, while Costello argued that interest rates would be higher under Labor.
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During October Immigration Minister Kevin Andrews's decision to cut Australia's refugee intake and expressing public concern about Sudanese migrants was branded as racist. She said: "It has been a long time since I have heard such a pure form of racism out of the mouth of any Australian politician. Andrews was accused of helping to fuel assaults of Sudanese.
During the controversy one criticism was that Andrews justified his decision based on "concerns raised by the community", however no official report or inquest has been tendered, leading to the conclusion that any 'concerns' were both unofficial, undocumented and most probably belonging to a racially intolerant minority.
The Howard government had before used the race card in an election year to distract the voters from its other failures. This was most significant in the election with the infamous Tampa affair, in which the government was badly trailing in the polls before vilifying middle-eastern "boat people". The strategy worked for the government by exploiting the underlying racist elements of Australian society.
Andrews defended the system of having refugee quotas against the opinion expressed that intakes of refugees should be variated on the basis of global needs.
Rudd advocated four-year fixed terms for federal parliaments if elected. Howard supported four-year terms but opposed fixed election dates. Any change would require approval by referendum. On several key questions, Labor increased its lead after Rudd assumed the Labor leadership from Kim Beazley , at which point Rudd also assumed the lead as preferred prime minister.
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While Labor was ahead in opinion polling, Howard had led Beazley on this question by a wide margin. The new industrial relations program, Carr said, angered the "Howard battlers" — the traditional Labor voters who had supported Howard for most of the last 11 years — because they saw it as a direct attack on their livelihood. ACNielsen polling in March had Rudd's personal approval rating at 67 per cent, which made him the most popular opposition leader in the poll's year history,  with Newspoll News Limited 2PP polling the highest in its history.
The largest 2PP election result for the ALP in its history was at the election on an estimate of A weighted collaboration of all polling since Rudd assumed the ALP leadership shows an average Labor 2PP figure of 57 per cent compared with the Coalition's 43 per cent,  and Rudd's consistent outpolling of Howard as preferred prime minister, something not achieved under previous leaders Mark Latham , Kim Beazley or Simon Crean. By the time the writs were issued, the Coalition was well behind Labor in opinion polling, which election analyst Antony Green believed to show Labor winning government "in a canter".
According to Green, this was a nearly exact reversal of the run-up to the election. The Coalition was running ahead of Labor in two-party opinion polling for much of and , however the mantle of preferred prime minister regularly switched between Howard and Paul Keating. Possums Pollytics, an anonymous weblog, stated that due to the uneven nature of the swings, where safe Liberal seats were swinging up to Polling consistently showed that the economy and national security were the Coalition's strong areas. In August an Ipsos poll showed 39 per cent of voters thought Labor was a better economic manager, compared to 36 per cent for the Coalition, with 25 per cent undecided.
The morning of the election announcement, a special Sun-Herald Taverner survey of people across New South Wales and Victoria had been released, indicating a Labor 2PP of 59 per cent, with the to year-old category voting at 72 per cent. Howard increased his Preferred PM rating up one per cent to 39 per cent, while Rudd increased his rating up one per cent to 48 per cent.
On the day after the election was called, Centrebet had odds of 1. Newspoll a week out from the election of 3, voters in 18 of the Coalition's most marginal seats revealed an ALP 54—46 Coalition 2PP, a swing to Labor of 6—9 per cent. A uniform swing would see 18—25 seats fall to Labor, The Australian said. Former Labor number-cruncher Graham Richardson , who news.
Crikey Guide to the Federal Election by Crikey - Penguin Books Australia
Peter Day, a journalist ex-The Australian , stated two days before the election that, if the Coalition were re-elected, it would be "the biggest polling embarrassment in any developed country since Truman beat Dewey in ". Sky News - Channel 7 -Auspoll exit polls on election day of 2, voters in the 31 most marginal seats suggested a 53 per cent two-party preferred figure to Labor, 53 per cent to Labor in Bennelong , and 58 per cent to Labor in Eden-Monaro. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Results of the Australian federal election, House of Representatives.
See also: Post-election pendulum for the Australian federal election, and Members of the Australian House of Representatives, — Popular Vote Labor. Two Party Preferred Vote Labor. Parliament Seats Labor. Main article: Results of the Australian federal election, Senate. See also: Members. Main article: Candidates of the Australian federal election, Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 May Australia Votes ABC Online. Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 25 November Sky News Australia.
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They may hold balance of power". The Age. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 30 July Archived from the original on 23 October Archived from the original on 26 November Archived from the original on 24 November Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 26 November Sydney Morning Herald. Seven News. Archived from the original on 13 December Retrieved 1 December Business Spectator.
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